On the occasion of National Minorities’ Day 2016, Chairman Pakistan Minorities’ Teachers Association Professor Anjum James Paul pens down the pragmatic minorities’ rights violations in their homeland. Today, August 11 marks the National Minorities’ Day which is perceived as obnoxious by many.
An excerpt from the Professor Anjum James Paul’s review is as below:
Pakistani non-Muslims have reservations because their rights religious freedom and protection of minorities are not being protected by the state functionaries as they must be protected according to the Constitution of Pakistan, Pakistan Penal Code, National Action Plan 2014 ,Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious or Linguistic Minorities, UNESCO Convention Against Discrimination in Education, Convention on the Rights of the Child and UNESCO GUIDELINES.
Articles and sections are presented below which are violated against non-Muslims:
1. CONSTITUTION OF PAKISTAN 1973
Article 4. Right of individuals to be dealt with in accordance with law, etc.
(1)To enjoy the protection of law and to be treated in accordance with law is the inalienable right of every citizen, wherever he may be, and of every other person for the time being within Pakistan.
(2)In particular :-
(a)no action detrimental to the life, liberty, body, reputation or property of any person shall be taken except in accordance with law;
(b)no person shall be prevented from or be hindered in doing that which is not prohibited by law; and
(c)no person shall be compelled to do that which the law does not require him to do
Article 9. Security of person
No person shall be deprived of life or liberty save in accordance with law
Article 10A Right to fair trial:
For the determination of his civil rights and obligations or in any criminal charge against him a person shall be entitled to a fair trial and due process.
Inviolability of dignity of man, etc.
(1)The dignity of man and, subject to law, the privacy of home, shall be inviolable.
(2)No person shall be subjected to torture for the purpose of extracting evidence.
Article 15. Freedom of movement, etc.
Article 16. Freedom of assembly
Article 17. Freedom of association
(3) Every political party shall account for the source of its funds in accordance with law.
(4) Every political party shall, subject to law, hold intra-party elections to elect its office-bearers and party leaders.
Article 18. Freedom of trade, business or profession
Article 19. Freedom of speech, etc.
Article 20. Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institutions
Article 22. Safeguards as to educational institutions in respect of religion, etc.
Article 25. Equality of citizens
Article 26. Non-discrimination in respect of access to public places
Article 27. Safeguard against discrimination in services
Article 28. Preservation of language, script and culture
Article 33 Parochial and other similar prejudices to be discouraged.
Article 35. Protection of family, etc.
Article 36. Protection of minorities
Article 37. Promotion of social justice and eradication of social evils
Article 38. Promotion of social and economic well-being of the people
2. PAKISTAN PENAL CODE
Section 153- Promoting enmity between different groups, etc:
Section 297 Trespassing on burial places, etc.:
Section 298 Uttering words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound religious feelings:
3. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN 2014
The material promoting hate and extremism will be considered crime under Anti-Terrorism Act and strict action would be taken against the printers and publishers who will publish such material.
Effective steps would be taken to stop religious persecution.